E.W. "Al" Thrasher
Status: Funded - Open
Assessing the impact of home fortification of complementary foods on child cognitive development
Reynaldo Martorell, Ph.D.
BACKGROUND: Malnourished children consistently perform poorly on tests of mental development. An estimated 88 million children under-five in South Asia do not fulfill their developmental potential, with lasting effects on schooling and productivity later in life.
GAP: The evidence for the effect of postnatal multiple micronutrient supplementation on child cognitive development is lacking and inconsistent, in part due to insensitive measures of cognition and small sample sizes, resulting in inconsistent effects and an overall insignificant impact.
HYPOTHESIS: Performance on cognitive function tasks will be significantly better in children in intervention communities (home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powders + infant and young child feeding (IYCF) counseling) than children in control communities (IYCF counseling alone)
METHODS: Two-arm cluster randomized trial in children 12-18 months of age living in Bihar, India, where the intervention group receives multiple micronutrient powders along with IYCF counseling and the control group receives IYCF counseling only.
IMPACT: Results of the study will be shared with government officials in an effort to inform potential state-wide scale-up of home-based fortification of complementary foods with multiple micronutrient powders and provide valuable information on strategies to improve child health and development.
Anemia, Nutrition, Complementary Feeding, Micronutrients, Neuro-Cognitive Development, Treatment, Human
United States, India